Tourism and the surrounding environment are closely interconnected. Tourism is currently one of the major industries in the world economy and is considered a means of currency exchange for many developing countries. In such countries progress in the field of tourism is largely due to the natural resources. And if from one hand the development of the given field brings benefits to the country’s economy, from the other hand it affects the natural environment. Thus, along with positive impacts there are also a lot of negative ones.
Many of these effects are associated with structures like roads and airports, tourist sites, resorts, hotels, restaurants, shops etc. The negative impacts of tourism development can gradually destroy the environmental resources.
Tourism and Natural Resources
Lack of control in tourism can be a potential threat to many natural areas around the world. Enormous pressures on such areas can lead to a number of impacts such as soil erosion, increased pollution, water pollution due to emissions, loss of natural dwellings, growing pressure on the endangered animal and plant species and high vulnerability to forest fires.
Environmental Damage of Tourism
Tourism pressure on natural resources is particularly strong in areas where resources are already scarce. Tourism industry mainly overuses water resources for hotels, swimming pools, golf fields and for tourists’ personal use. For example, the issue of a lack of water in the Mediterranean areas is critical because along with the hot weather here there are many tourists who daily use 400 liters of water on different purposes.
It turns out that golf as a means of entertainment and sport is very costly, especially in terms of water. For a middle sized golf field not only chemical fertilizers are required, but also as much water as 60,000 villagers would use yearly.
Environmental Benefits of Tourism
On the other hand, tourism has great potential to leave a beneficial impact on the environment, contributing to the protection and preservation of it. Tourism is a means to raise awareness about environmental values, and can serve as a tool to finance the protection of natural areas and increase their economic importance.
In recent years, ecotourism is getting more and more popular. It is the most responsible branch in the tourism industry, which protects the nature and cares for local welfare.
A lot of people like to travel in different countries of the world, admire the beautiful places, thus many of us should also be concerned about preserving it all.