Learn Basic Georgian before You Travel to Georgia
No man should travel until he has learned the language of the country he visits. Otherwise he voluntarily makes himself a great baby - so helpless and so ridiculous.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Of course Mr Emerson has a little overreacted here, as being a tourist in a foreign country is an adventure one of a type, but if you are going to live somewhere for longer than a week, it won't be bad to know some basic words and phrases of the local language.
Georgia is a very nice and hospitable country. On my first trip there I was absolutely amazed at how people were patient and would accompany you up to your target place, no matter how busy they were. Georgians really get happy when they see you try to speak their language and are able to understand you even when you deform the words :)
Here is a list of most necessary word and phrases:
Greetings and Communication
Hello - gah-mahr-joh-bah( you can add a 't' at the end to make it formal)
How are you? - roh-goh-rah khahrt?
Fine, thank you - k'ahr-gahd, gmahd-lohbt
What is your name? - rah gkvee-ahd?
My name is... - cheh-mee sah-kheh-lee-ah...
Nice to meet you - dzah-lee-ahn sah-see-ah-mohv-noh-ah
Please - tu sheh-eedz-leh-bah
Thank you - gmahd-lohbt
You're welcome - ah-rah-prees
Yes - dee-akh (formal), k'ee (neutral), hoh or khoh (informal)
No - ah-rah
Excuse me - oo-k'ahts-rah-vahd (getting attention), boh-dee-shee (begging pardon)
Goodbye - nakh-vahm-dees
I can't speak "Georgian (well) - kahr-too-lee eh-nah ahr [k'ahr-gahd] vee-tsee
Do you speak English? - ng-lee-soo-ree ee-tseet?
Is there someone here who speaks English? - ahk veen-mee lah-p'ah-rah-kohbs eeng-lee-soo-rahd?
Help! - dah-meh-khmah-reht!
Good morning - dee-lah mshvee-doh-bee-sah
Good evening - sah-ghah-moh mshvee-doh-bee-sah
Good night - ghah-meh mshvee-doh-bee-sah
I don't understand - vehr gah-vee-geh
Where is the toilet? - sahd ah-rees t'oo-ah-leh-t'ee?
… please (a very simple and useful way of asking for anything) - … too sheh-eedz-leh-bah
Without salt - oo-mah-ree-loh
I'm a vegetarian - veh-geh-t'ah-ree-ah-nee vahr
I want … - meh … meen-dah
Chicken - kaht-mees khor-tsee
Beef - dzroh-khees khor-tsee
Fish - tehv-zee
Pork - ghoh-rees khor-tsee
Fruit - khee-lee
Bread - p'oo-ree
Coffee - q'ah-vah
Tea - chah-ee
Water - ts'q'ah-lee
Excuse me, waiter? - oo-k'ahts-rah-vahd, oh-pee-tsee-ahn-t'ee
It was delicious - dzah-lee-ahn gehm-ree-eh-lee ee-q'oh
Now - ahkh-lah
In the morning - dee-leet
In the afternoon - dghehs
In the evening - sah-ghah-mohs
At night - ghah-mehs
Minute - ts'oo-tee
Hour(s) - sah-ah-tee
Day(s) - dgheh
Week(s) - k'vee-rah
Month(s) - tveh
Year(s) - ts'eh-lee
It doesn't seem easy, but with a little effort it can be possible and will surely make your trip to Georgia more enjoyable and fun!