People go for ecotravel for many purposes, such as educating in natural conservation, benefit the social-economic activities of the local people, supporting tourism sector in a certain country etc.
The educative aspects of ecotravel include enabling people to come closer to nature is interesting and enjoyable ways.
Ecotravel is usually offered in conservation areas with pristine ecosystem, such as natural parks, nature reserves, forest parks and wildlife areas. Those areas are usually protected from human interaction and pollution. Species compositions of the flora and fauna are protected in these areas. Some famous natural parks and reserves in Armenia are:
1.Sevan Natural Park
2.Dilijan Natural Park
The naturally protected reserves of Armenia make about the 10% of the county's territory. These areas preserve more than 1,000 types of plants and hundreds of vertebrate species, such as brown bear, bezoar goat, mouflon, wild boar, leopard, and lynx, and many of which are included in the Red Book of Endangered Species.
If you ever end up in Armenia, a trip to the Armenia's national parks and reserves is highly recommended.
Sevan Natural Park protects Lake Sevan and the surrounding area. The park is manages as a research area and monitors the ecosystem. Sevan lake as well as its surrounding territory is rich in avifauna. There are over 200 bird species in Sevan. 39 species are included in the Red Book of Armenia. There is also an endemic species Armenian gull.
Dilijan Natural Park is located in the eastern part of Armenia. The park is famous for its forest landscapes, mineral water springs as well as natural and cultural monuments. The flora of Dilijan National Park consists of 902 species of vascular plants, such as Lycopodium, Horse-tails, Ferns, and Angiosperms. There are about 40 rare species of plants in this area. The park is also rich in fauna. There are about 800 species of beetles and many species of reptiles , amphibians , fish.
Some Dos and Don'ts when Travelling to Ecotravel Areas.
There some rules that travelers have to consider when traveling to a conservation area :
1. Purchase tickets, as money raised from ticket selling is used for the conservation expenses.
2. Ask for permission from the conservation authority if you are going to climb mountains in the area or if you wish to access to deeply study the area.
3. Taking pets is usually not allowed.
4. Taking of guns, knives or other polluting materials is forbidden.
5. You shouldn't make a bonfire or campfire, as they potentially can cause forest fire.
6. Don't pick flowers and other plants.
7. Collect and clean all trash and garbage you might have there. It will also be nice of you to pick up trash which is left behind by other travelers.
8. Don't use soaps or shampoo when taking a bath, as they pollute environment, especially water.
9. Let the park's authority know before leaving the area.